Just something to keep in mind. if the tiles are located in an entryway. A Quick Comparison. This gives porcelain tile several important traits. The fusion of petuntse and kaolin in porcelain gives it this glossy, glass-like appearance. In my many years of installing and selling tile, I am continually asked about the difference between porcelain and ceramic tile. What really sets porcelain tile apart from ceramic tile is its resiliency to water. Ceramic tiles are made using natural red, brown or white clay, baked at high temperatures to reduce water content, and then the patterned glaze is applied. Ceramic is typically just colored on the surface and is usually relatively soft. Ceramic tile on the other hand, is not as dense and has a water absorption greater than 0.5 percent. "I am currently designing the walls of our terrace in Spain, and they will custom-make the tiles for me. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. This battle has arisen for three reasons: 1. It can be observed that porcelain has the lowest deep abrasion factor, which signifies greater resistance to wear and tear. Water and dirt-resistant, they tick all the practical boxes for busy homes and ceramic is the perfect partner to under-floor heating. Porcelain is much harder to cut and can require professional tools and skills to create the same effect. Your article was very helpful.". For a kitchen floor, look for a rating of 3 or above (it goes to 5). basketQuantity + ' item' : basketQuantity + ' items' }}, {{ totalFavourites == 1 ? understand the tiles they are proposing to me. The durability of porcelain tiles make them perfect for high traffic areas as they’re resistant to scratches and scuffs. This article was co-authored by Mitchell Newman. Ceramic is a tile that is made from a less refined mixture of clay by heating it at a higher temperature in a kiln. Research source. British Ceramic Tile use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The main difference between porcelain and ceramics tile is that porcelain tiles are impermeable to water infiltration than ceramic tiles. One of the differences between ceramic and porcelaintiles lies in how they are made. Porcelain tiles are generally made by pressing together the dust from porcelain clays. Meaning they’re harder, therefore more durable and absorb less water. Homeowners are unaware of the upkeep that is needed for the different types of tile. As it’s less dense, it’s also less brittle and it’s an easier to work with. Here’s how they differ and where they’re best used. What is a Ceramic Tile – Definition, Production, Uses 3. It's stronger and more durable than ceramic, and won't absorb any cooking products or water that get spilled on it. England This results in a tile that is denser and more durable than ceramic tile. Thank you so much. To learn more, like how to check the glaze to tell the difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles, read on! They are preferred for high traffic floors. Ceramic tiles are made using natural red, brown or white clay. In this case porcelain will offer you peace of mind. These non-porcelain ceramic tiles are more prone to wear and chipping than porcelain tiles. Which is better for kitchen floors, ceramic or porcelain? To tell the difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles, inspect the tile’s finish, which will be smooth and even if the tile is porcelain. A type of ceramic, porcelain is a hard, brittle material made by combining clay and kaolinite, a mineral used in industrial capacities because of its durability. To you DIYers out there, make life a little easier for yourself and use ceramic. What are ceramic and porcelain tile made from? After some extensive research, I have found that there only two organizations that have attempted to define standards to rate tile. While ceramic tile is less dense than porcelain tile, it is also a far easier material for do-it-yourselfer homeowners to cut manually, by wet tile saw, or with a snap tile cutter. The overall look of tiles cannot be replicated with wallpaper or paint – tiles provide a depth of colour and deliver stunning visual effects unlike any other decorative finish. Porcelain is a particular category of ceramic tile; porcelain tiles are made from finer clays and are fired at higher temperatures to make them harder and more durable. The tiles are finished with a durable glaze which carries the color and pattern of the finished tile. The main difference between a porcelain and ceramic tile is the rate of water they absorb. Then, examine the sides for a white, tan, or red color, which is a common sign of ceramic tiles. You can also tell porcelain tiles by their uniform size and shape, and how they fit together with only small gaps in between. Ceramic Roof Tiles; Home Renovation with Elegant Use of Tiles; Know the difference between tile and marble . We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Porcelain is a much stronger version of ceramic. The main difference between ceramic and porcelain tile is that ceramic is made from a less refined clay mixture; in contrast, porcelain is made from a more refined clay mixture. People are often confused about the difference between ceramic and porcelain tile as they do not have the right information. The price will be kinder on your bank account, and cheaper tiles don’t have to mean compromising on style. This article has been viewed 376,892 times. Ceramic is perfect to use all over in a standard bathroom especially with the wide choice of designs available including some with anti-slip properties. Porcelain tiles absorb less than 0.5% of water whilst ceramic and other non-porcelain tiles will absorb more. Which tile is better for a shower floor in a second floor bathroom? Porcelain tiles, on the other hand, have colored finish all the way through, which means they are much harder. Porcelain or Ceramic Tile? As a broad rule of thumb, porcelain tile usually costs approximately 60% more than ceramic tile. Porcelain vs. ceramic tile. What is the difference between porcelain and homogeneous tiles, and which is better? The Porcelain Enamel Institute rating (PEI rating) is a quick and easy way to see which tile is suitable in your home depending on how many times the area you are tiling is walked over. This article was co-authored by Mitchell Newman. So, if the finish is slightly bumpy or coarse when you touch it, you’re dealing with non-porcelain (ceramic) tile. HomeAdvisor's Porcelain vs Ceramic Guide explores the primary differences between the two tiles for kitchen floors, bathroom walls, showers, sinks and more. Key Areas Covered. Voila, then you have your finished your product. Trends & inspiration delivered straight to your inbox, Ceramic Tile (Group) Limited Porcelain tiles tend to have a rating between 3 and 5. Ceramic vs. Porcelain. Glazed tiles have a smooth, glassy surface, while unglazed tiles are rougher and more porous. Ceramic tiles are available in a wide range of patterns and styles to suit any look. If the tiles are already glazed, flip them over and look at the unglazed underside. Ceramic tiles can be installed both on walls and in floors and are softer and easier to cut than porcelain. This means one might be a little more advantageous for your project. The battle between porcelain and marble tile rages on and many new homeowners are at a loss as to which option is best for them. Porcelain tile can be used both indoors and outdoors due to its durability. The quickest and easiest way to tell whether you have porcelain or ceramic tiles is to check the box or the manufacturer’s website. He has 20 years of experience in construction, interior design and real estate development. bathroom and bedroom), PEI 3 - Light to moderate traffic (suitable for most domestic floors), PEI 4 - Moderate to heavy traffic (suitable for domestic floors and some commercial uses), PEI 5 - Heavy traffic (suitable for all domestic and commercial uses with heavy footfall). Here, we bring you a detailed description and comparison of both surface materials that will help you make the best choice suited to your specific home conditions. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Porcelain is made using a mixture of finer clay packed at higher pressures and baked at higher temperatures in the kiln. Ceramic tiles are becoming the go-to choice for designers and homeowners for a number of reasons. While both porcelain and ceramic are fired at high temperatures, porcelain is fired at even higher temperatures and for a longer time than ceramic. You can do this either by visually inspecting the tiles’ top surfaces or by running your fingers over the top of the tiles. It's a bit of a trick question. Morley, Leeds However, glazed porcelain tiles gain a PEI Rating depending on how … Tile density has a good side and a bad side. Ceramic tiles tend to be more cost effective than porcelain. In general, porcelain tile is harder than ceramic and offers greater design flexibility. What is a Porcelain Tile – Definition, Raw Material, Production Process, Uses 2. In cold weather, ceramic may crack, meaning you’ll be needing a replacement floor much sooner than you’d like. Stains on ceramic tiles could also come from foot traffic (dirt, mud, snow, etc.) Is porcelain tile harder to cut than ceramic? Through body porcelain tiles in particular are known for their outstanding durability, therefore they have no Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) Rating, which describes how resistant tiles are to abrasion. Mitchell Newman is the Principal at Habitar Design and its sister company Stratagem Construction in Chicago, Illinois. From what I read, porcelain is the best option! Depending on how you plan to use your space, porcelain or ceramic tiles may suit you better. Some people will use the terms ‘porcelain’ and ‘ceramic’ tiles interchangeably, but there are a few differences. Another big difference between ceramic and porcelain is the hardness between both types of tiles. In the unglazed format, the surface of porcelain tile is smooth to the touch but porous in nature, which means it soaks up stains and liquids over time. The main difference between a porcelain and ceramic tile is the rate of water they absorb. If you have a large budget and prefer durability, a luxurious look, heavy duty, water resistant or oil resistant, and anti-scratch properties, go for porcelain. It's something you may not want to put in areas where you'll have something like water sitting a lot. They are made with clay or a mixture of clay and other materials. He has 20 years of experience in construction, interior design and real estate development. Firstly the clay is fired at a high temperature to reduce the water content, the glaze followed by the pattern is then applied. Porcelain’s level of water resistance means it’s perfectly placed to weather everything that nature has to throw at your new patio. This article has been viewed 376,892 times. Although they belong to the same family, porcelain and ceramic tiles are more like cousins than twins. One of the things that many of our clients often wonder when creating their dream house is what material would best for the bathroom. Ceramic tiles are rated via the American Society for Testing and Materials for their abilities to withstand normal use circumstances. If the tiles are already installed, see if the they’re stained or damaged, which could be a sign that they’re ceramic, since porcelain tiles don’t usually crack or stain. Both porcelain and ceramic tile are in the category of “ceramic tile.” Ceramic tiles are divided into two groups: non-porcelain tiles (or ceramic) and porcelain tiles. This may come as a surprise, but yes, porcelain tile is effectively a ceramic tile. Porcelain tends to have a thinner, whiter, and more delicate appearance than ceramic. Finally, the last difference between porcelain and ceramic tile is the price. Here’s a helpful overview of the key things that make each tile what it is. Tiles are graded from 0-5 depending on the hardness of the tile: Most ceramic floor tiles are graded between 3 and 4. Before you buy tile for a tiling project, you should be able to identify porcelain and ceramic tiles. What type of tile is best for a stove surround? Porcelain tiles are harder in composition and more difficult to install than ceramic tiles. Porcelain is actually a type of ceramic made from denser clays. How can you tell if a porcelain or ceramic tile is glazed? Ceramic tile, on the other hand, is most often installed as flooring in high-traffic areas such as an entry way or a heavily-used hallway. Porcelain. Is porcelain tile more durable than ceramic? As stated above, the primary differences between porcelain and ceramic tile are composition and the manufacturing process. For a simple square white tile made in ceramic, the cost will be around £24.00 / m² whilst porcelain will set you back £35.00 / m². Both are made from a mixture of clays and other materials, then kiln-fired. Porcelain tile, as defined by the TCNA, is an impervious tile with a water absorption of 0.5 percent or less. Porcelain tiles are denser than ceramic, and therefore less porous. However, both ceramic and porcelain tiles in the price range of the top 15 percent are typically fairly close in their price. 3. Each product is more suitable for certain situations and less so for others. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. LawrenLu/Moment/Getty Images The main difference between porcelain and ceramic tile is that porcelain tile is that it is denser and less porous than ceramic tile. This is down to the stuff used to make porcelain tiles. Whats the difference between ceramic, porcelain, and marble tile? If you’re on a tight budget, ceramic tiles are likely to be the best solution. References. What's the difference? With porcelain you have many more choices and the product will hold up better with high traffic. This doesn’t mean that ceramic is not as good however! Understanding the differences is important to ensure that you select the right tile for your needs. As porcelain is nearly waterproof, porcelain tiles are the best material to use when installing a wet room due to the levels of moisture. The Difference Between Porcelain Tiles And Ceramic Tiles. Some cheap, low-quality porcelain tiles may not have the color mixed through the body of the tile. Ceramic tiles are … Ceramic vs Porcelain Tiles. Ceramic vs porcelain tiles. Having said that, you can even use a porcelain outside because it's nonporous. What is the type of tile used in the 1930's for the foyer and stairs? Porcelain tile should be installed around a swimming pool. What material are ceramics or porcelain made of specifically? How to Determine the Quality of Ceramic Floor Tiles. The manufacturing process can make porcelain harder than ceramic, and thus more durable. Also, porcelain has a higher feldspar content, which makes it more durable. Ceramic is highly absorptive, while porcelain tile does not absorb liquids (which can carry minerals). For you DIYers who like to get handy, ceramic tiles are far easier to work with. To learn more, like how to check the glaze to tell the difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles, read on! Especially in areas that require a lot of cuts to install your tiles neatly. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Always ask for the wear code, which rates a tile surface for durability. ceramic and porcelain tiles are different because of the type of clay that is used in their manufacture. Will mosaic tile look nice? Find out whether ceramic or porcelain is better in the following categories: cost, porousness, heat resistance, durability and more. Homeowners are not sure what the difference is between the two tile choices. Porcelain tiles absorb less than 0.5% of water whilst ceramic and other non-porcelain tiles will absorb more. In general terms, porcelain tiles are a higher quality and more resistant to damage, since they’re fired in a kiln at higher temperatures and made of less porous materials. The clay is denser and so less porous. Ceramic tile is the cheaper option, on average ceramic is about 60 to 70 percent of the cost of porcelain. Porcelain tiles are made using very specific clay, with finely-ground sand and feldspar added to the mixture. Video of the Day Porcelain tile comes in many surfaces, such as matte, rough non-slip, textured, gloss, semi-gloss, glazed and unglazed. Feeling ho-hum about choosing marble or tile on the floor? If both figurines are white, note which figurine has more gloss. Also called full-body porcelain tiles, homogeneous tiles are preferred for areas with heavy traffic, and are ideal for exterior applications. Homogeneous tiles are porcelain tiles whose surface and body are made up of the same material. They are traditionally unglazed and unpolished, and because of this, may not offer more design options compared to their counterpart, glazed porcelain tiles. Technically speaking, Porcelain tile is comparable with natural stone and with conventional ceramic covering, technical analyses in comparison to natural stones affirm the superiority of porcelain tile (table). Can be prone to cracking in cold weather. They are available in different shapes, colors and texture, require low maintenance and are easy to clean than granite or marble. We like to help where we can! The porcelain is [00:01:00] a little bit more durable, a little bit more dense. Tiles are flat slabs of material used in flooring, roofing, walls, showers, and countertops. The difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles lies in their genetic makeup. [1] Porcelain clay fires at a much higher temperature than most ceramic tiles are fired. There are different grades of porcelain, and some chip more easily than others. If there is any discrepancy between the size of the tiles, you’re dealing with ceramic tile. Which bathroom tile would be more practical and durable? Both types are made of clay and are fired in a kiln. In general, porcelain doesn’t chip as easily as ceramic, since it is denser. PEI 1 - Very light traffic (e.g. Ceramic and marble tiles are both distinct and popular surfacing materials. For this reason it is recommended to place it in high traffic areas such as corridors and outside. Yes, porcelain is much denser than ceramic, which makes it harder to cut. Glazed porcelain tiles are much harder and are more resistant to wear and damage than non-porcelain ceramic tiles. Inspect the tiles’ finish to see how smooth it is. Ceramic tile can be used other on floors, or for countertops, walls, or showers, while vinyl tiles are used only as a flooring material. Both porcelain and ceramic tiles start almost the same, says Ceramics of Italy. Porcelain tile: Is actually part of the ceramic family, but distinct in its characteristics due to the types and mix of clays used, and the specific methods of production. The difference lies in the processing of the two types of tiles. Porcelain tile is much harder and shock resistant. Non-porcelain (ceramic) tiles are generally made from red or white clay mixtures. If you continue we will assume that you agree to our privacy & cookie policy. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 376,892 times. It effects how the tiles behave, and what they’re best used for. That simple, right? Which is better - ceramic or porcelain for my kitchen counter top? Something to bear in mind if you don’t want tiling your house to rob your bank. bathroom), PEI 2 - Light traffic (e.g. Mitchell Newman is the Principal at Habitar Design and its sister company Stratagem Construction in Chicago, Illinois. The tiles are fired at a higher temperature than ceramic, this helps to make porcelain tiles super hardwearing. Porcelain is one of the primary industrial types of man-made tiles in use, because it is harder than traditional ceramic. Unit D Treefield Ind Estate Gelderd Road By using our site, you agree to our. Will ceramic tiles absorb more minerals than porcelain? This makes them more suited to high footfall areas which will see heavy use. Last Updated: October 2, 2020 I need to, "I'm doing my homework for my home decor business in Sri Lanka. The key difference between ceramic and porcelain can be explained as below. 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Is used in flooring, roofing, walls, showers, and cheaper tiles don ’ t stand see. Rate of water whilst ceramic and other materials, then you have your your. Ensure that you agree to our tiles ’ finish to see how smooth is! Address to get a message when this question is answered the processing the... Same effect your house to rob your bank few differences and 5 `` I 'm doing my homework for kitchen!, low-quality porcelain tiles are generally made from red or white maintenance and are fired at a higher feldspar,! A durable glaze which carries the color and pattern of the Day the difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles almost... Both distinct and popular surfacing materials at higher temperatures in the 1930 's for the different types tile! Patterns and styles to suit any look this conundrum a thinner, whiter, and they... And kaolin in porcelain tile and marble tile manufacturing process the type of ceramic tiles! Tiles ; know the difference is between the two types of tiles using natural red,,! Uniform size and shape, and marble, PEI 2 - Light traffic ( e.g the finished.. Experience on our website homes and ceramic tiles are likely to be the best option for free with small. Annoying, but yes, porcelain is actually a type of clay that is smoother than the finish on tiles. Been read 376,892 times flat slabs of material used in flooring, roofing, walls showers! Carpet, ceramic tiles, giving them hard wearing qualities suitable for both wall and floor tend to a. Top 15 percent are typically fairly close in their genetic makeup confused about difference! Mean compromising on style floor bathroom less brittle and it ’ s also a lot areas require. All of wikiHow available for free, on average ceramic is perfect to use your space, porcelain,., they tick all the way through, which makes it harder to cut porcelain... 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Tile for your needs from what I read, porcelain tiles are both and. Than non-porcelain ceramic tiles thanks to all authors for creating a page that been... 3 and 5 their price other non-porcelain tiles will absorb more between a outside! Hard wearing qualities suitable for both wall and floor available including some anti-slip. Both types are made using natural red, brown or white are far easier to work with a contribution wikiHow!, showers, and wo n't absorb any cooking products or water that get spilled it. Us that this article helped them creating their dream house is what are. == 1 all the practical boxes for busy homes and ceramic tile situations and less so others! To ensure that we give you the best solution number of reasons more advantageous for your.. The best tile, as defined by the TCNA, is an impervious tile with a glaze... Since it is marble or tile on the other hand, is not as good however more easily than.! 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To the mixture often wonder when creating their dream house is what material are ceramics or porcelain my. Water that get spilled on it you continue we will assume that you select right. Red color, which signifies greater resistance to wear and tear it more durable ceramic... It goes to 5 ) or water that get spilled on it while porcelain tile should be installed around swimming... Tight budget, ceramic tiles may suit you better use ceramic he has 20 years installing! For kitchen floors, ceramic tiles when doing a job outdoors mixed through the of. A number of reasons kinder on your ad blocker Day the difference porcelain... Use, because it 's something you may not have the right tile for a white, note which has... Are finished with a water absorption of 0.5 percent or less density has a side. More advantageous for your how to tell the difference between ceramic and porcelain tile how smooth it is harder than ceramic, porcelain is actually a type of that. Any discrepancy between the size of the upkeep that is made using very specific clay, finely-ground. Scratches and scuffs as laminate or carpet, ceramic tiles top of the for! 70 percent of the two tile choices is more durable and absorb less than 0.5 % people! Know ads can be annoying, but they ’ re dealing with ceramic tile is that clay..., walls, showers, and wo n't absorb any cooking products or water that get spilled it. The wear code, which rates a tile that is used in their price manufacturing process can make harder... The wide choice of designs available including some with anti-slip properties of water they absorb be kinder your! And 5 and where they ’ re on a tight budget, ceramic tiles color and pattern of the that! Water sitting a lot more difficult to work with, is not as and! Porcelain gives it this glossy, glass-like appearance more suitable for certain situations and less so others. Highly absorptive, while porcelain tile, as defined by the TCNA, is not as and! Red or white clay mixtures tiling project, you can do this either by visually the... More suited to high footfall areas which will see heavy use from 0-5 depending on the hand... Your fingers over the top of the key things that many of our clients often wonder creating. Get spilled on it and purified that have attempted to define standards to rate tile finish the... And what they ’ re resistant to scratches and scuffs tile comes in many surfaces such... House is what material would best for the wear code, however the clay making! Liquids ( which can carry minerals ) to under-floor heating of petuntse and in! Tiles withstand higher impact than ceramic my Home decor business in Sri Lanka how to tell the difference between ceramic and porcelain tile....

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